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ἀποθνήσκω

L'amor che move il sole e l'altre stelleLove that moves the sun and the other stars
Dante Alighieri, Paradiso, XXXIII, v. 145
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Full diacritics: ἀποθνήσκω Medium diacritics: ἀποθνήσκω Low diacritics: αποθνήσκω Capitals: ΑΠΟΘΝΗΣΚΩ
Transliteration A: apothnḗskō Transliteration B: apothnēskō Transliteration C: apothnisko Beta Code: a)poqnh/skw

English (LSJ)

fut. ἀποθᾰνοῦμαι, Ion. ἀποθανέομαι or
A ἀποθανεῦμαι Hdt.3.143, 7.134:—strengthened for θνῄσκω, die, Hom. (v. infr.), Pi.O.1.27, and once in Trag. (E.Fr.578.6); in Com. and Prose the usual form of the pres.; σεῦ ἀποτεθνηῶτος Il.22.432; ἀποθνῄσκων περὶ φασγάνῳ Od.11.424; βόες δ' ἀποτέθνασαν ἤδη 12.393; ἐκ τῶν τρωμάτων Hdt.2.63; ὑπὸ λιμοῦ Th.1.126: c. dat., βρόμῳ κεραυνοῦ Pi.l.c.; νόσῳ Th.8.84: c. acc. cogn., θάνατον ἀ. X.Mem.4.8.3, etc.; εἰς ἕτερον ζῆν ἀ. Pl.Ax. 365d; to be ready to die, of laughter, etc., Ar.Ach.15; ἀ. τῷ δέει Arist.MM1191a35.
II serving as Pass. of ἀποκτείνω, to be put to death, be slain, ὑπό τινος Hdt.1.137, 7.154; esp. by judicial sentence, ἀποθανεῖν ὑπὸ τῆς πόλεως Lycurg.93, cf. Pl.Ap.29d, 32d,al., Arist. Rh.1397a30 (v.l.).
III renounce, νόμῳ Ep.Gal.2.19; ἀπό τινος Ep.Col.2.20.

* Abbreviations: ALL | General | Authors & Works

German (Pape)

[Seite 303] (s. θνήσκω), absterben, sterben, von Hom. an, Il. 22, 432 Od. 11, 424. 12, 393. 21, 38, überall; in Prosa, bes. im fut. u. aor., häufiger als das simplex.; ὑπὸ λιμοῦ u. λιμῷ, Plat. Conv. 191 a Men. 91 e; ἐκ τῶν τραυμάτων Her. 2, 63; bes. oft getödtet werden, ὑπὸ τοῦ παιδός 1, 137; bes. im Kriege, Plat. Menex. 234 b; ὑπό τινος Epist. I, 309 e u. sonst; zum Tode verurtheilt u. hingerichtet werden, Apel. 29 e u. öfter; Xen. Cyr. 3, 1, 12 Hell. 2, 3, 12 u. öfter; οἱ ἀποτεθνεῶτες, die Todten; – ἀποθανετέον, man muß sterben, Arist. eth. Nic. 3, 1.

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

ἀποθνήσκω: (ῂ): μέλλ. -θᾰνοῦμαι, Ἰων. -θανέομαι ή -εῦμαι, Ἡρόδ. 3. 143., 7. 134: - ἐπιτεταμ. ἀντὶ τοῦ θνήσκω, Ὅμ., Πινδ. Ο 2. 45, καὶ ἅπαξ παρὰ Τραγ. (Εὐρ. Ἀποσπ. 582. 6)· ἀλλὰ παρὰ τοῖς κωμ. καὶ πεζοῖς εἶναισυνήθης τύπος τοῦ ἐνεστῶτος (ἴδε θνήσκω)· σεῦ ἀποτεθνηῶτος Ἰλ. Χ. 432· ἀποθνήσκων περὶ φασγάνῳ Ὀδ. Λ. 424· βόες δ’ ἀποτέθνασαν ἤδη Μ. 393· ὑπὸ λιμοῦ, Θουκ. 1. 126· μετὰ δοτ., νόσῳ ὁ αὐτ. 8. 84· μετὰ συστοίχ. αἰτ., θάνατον ἀπ. Ξεν. Ἀπομ 4.8, 3. κτλ.· εἰς ἕτερον ζῆν ἀπ. Πλάτ. Ἀξ. 365D: ― ἐπὶ γέλωτος, ὡς καὶ νῦν, «σκοτώνομαι», ἀποθνήσκω ἀπὸ τὰ «γέλοια» ὡς τὸ ἐκθνήσκω (ὃ ἴδε), Ἀριστοφ. Ἀχ. 15· ἀποθνήσκουσι τῷ δέει Ἀριστ. Ἠθικ. Μεγάλ. 1. 20, 13. ΙΙ. ὡς παθητ. τοῦ ἀποκτείνω, φονεύομαι, ἀποθν. ὑπό τινος Ἡρόδ. 1. 137., 7. 154: κυρίως ἀπὶ καταδικασθέντος, ἀποθανεῖν ὑπὸ τῆς πόλεως Λυκοῦργ. 159. 29, πρβλ. Πλάτ. Ἀπολ. 29C, 32D, κ. ἀλλ., Ἀριστ Ρητ. 2. 23, 2.

English (Autenrieth)

perf. part. ἀποτεθνηώς, plup. ἀποτέθνασαν: die; perf., be dead.

English (Strong)

from ἀπό and θνήσκω; to die off (literally or figuratively): be dead, death, die, lie a-dying, be slain (X with).

Greek Monolingual

(AM ἀποθνῄσκω, (Μ κ. ἀποθνήσκω)
1. πεθαίνω
2. σκοτώνομαι
3. αποχωρίζομαι οριστικά από κάτι, το αποκηρύσσω οριστικά («ἀπέθανε τῇ ἁμαρτίᾳ»)
αρχ.
1. πεθαίνω στα γέλια, πάω να σκάσω απ' τα γέλια
2. φρ. «ἀποθνῄσκω τῷ δέει» — πεθαίνω από τον φόβο μου.
[ΕΤΥΜΟΛ. < απο- + θνήσκω
ο απλός τ. (θνῄσκω) στον πρκμ. και υπερσ. χρησιμοποιείται κανονικά, ενώ οι ενεστ., μέλλ. κ. αόρ. υποκαθίστανται από τους χρόνους του συνθ. ἀποθνῄσκω].

Middle Liddell


I. to die off, die, Hom., attic:— to be ready to die of laughter, Ar.
II. serving as Pass. of ἀποκτείνω, to be put to death, to be slain, ὑπό τινος Hdt., Plat.

Translations

Abkhaz: аҧсра; Afrikaans: doodgaan, sterf, sterwe; Ainu: ライ; Aklanon: matay; Albanian: vdes; Amharic: መሞት; Andi: вучӏиду; Arabic: مَاتَ‎, تُوُفِّيَ‎; Egyptian Arabic: مات‎; Moroccan Arabic: مات‎; Aramaic Syriac: ܡܬ‎; Armenian: մեռնել, մահանալ; Aromanian: mor, moru; Ashkun: mře; Assamese: মৰ, ঢুকা; Asturian: morrer; Avar: хвезе; Azerbaijani: ölmək, dünyanı dəyişmək, keçinmək, rəhmətə getmək; Bahnar: lôch; Bakhtiari: مردن‎; Bashkir: үлеү; Belarusian: паміра́ць, паме́рці, гі́нуць, згі́нуць; Bengali: মরা; Borôro: bi; Breton: mervel; Bulgarian: уми́рам, умра́, издъ́хвам, издъ́хна; Burmese: သေ, ဆုံး, ကွယ်လွန်; Buryat: үхэхэ; Catalan: morir; Cebuano: matay; Chamorro: måtai; Chechen: делла, са дала; Chepang: सीसा; Cherokee: ᎠᏲᎱᏍᎦ, ᎦᎵᏬᎦ; Chichewa: -fa; Chinese Cantonese: 死, 過身, 过身, 瓜, 釘; Dungan: сы; Mandarin: 死, 亡, 去世, 往生; Chuukese: mano; Czech: umírat, umřít; Dalmatian: morer; Danish: dø, udånde, gå bort, gå al kødets gang, sove ind, stille træskoene, kradse af, omkomme, afgå ved døden, krepere; Dolgan: өл; Drung: shi; Dutch: doodgaan, sterven, overlijden; Dzongkha: ཤི; Esperanto: morti; Estonian: surema, koolema, kõngema, kärvama, hinge heitma, langema, lahkuma; Evenki: буми; Faroese: doyggja, andast; Finnish: kuolla, delata, heittää henkensä, kupsahtaa, kaatua, menehtyä, saada surmansa, edesmennä, nukkua pois, depata, vaihtaa hiippakuntaa, heittää lusikka nurkkaan, mennä manan majoille, siirtyä ajasta ikuisuuteen, heittää veivinsä, potkaista tyhjää, oikaista koipensa; French: mourir, expirer, trépasser, crever; Friulian: murî; Galician: morrer; Georgian: იღუპება, სიკვდილი, გარდაცვალება, დაღუპვა; German: sterben, umkommen, versterben; Alemannic German: steerbe; Gothic: 𐌲𐌰𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌸𐌽𐌰𐌽, 𐌳𐌹𐍅𐌰𐌽; Greek: πεθαίνω, αποθνήσκω, αποβιώνω; Ancient Greek: ἀποθνήσκω, ἀποθνῄσκω, θνῄσκω, τελευτάω, βαίνω; Guaraní: mano, e'õ; Gujarati: મરવું; Hawaiian: make, make loa; Hebrew: מֵת‎; Hiligaynon: matay; Hindi: मरना; Hungarian: meghal, hal, elhuny; Hunsrik: sterrve; Icelandic: deyja, drepast, andast, sálast, týna lífinu, skylja við, látast, láta lífið, lognast út af, falla frá, fara yfrum, verða bráðkvaddur, sofna svefninum langa, sofna hinsta svefni; Ido: mortar; Ilocano: matay; Indonesian: mati, meninggal; Interlingua: morir; Irish: faigh bás; Old Irish: at·baill, baïd; Isthmus Zapotec: rati; Italian: morire, crepare, cadere; Iu Mien: daic; Japanese: 死ぬ, 亡くなる, 死亡する; Jarai: djai; Javanese: mati; Jingpho: si; Kamkata-viri: mře; Kazakh: өлу; Khasi: iap, yap; Khmer: តាយ; Korean: 죽다, 돌아가시다, 숨지다, 사망하다; Kumyk: оьлмек; Kunigami: まーすん, 死ぬん; Kurdish Central Kurdish: مردن‎; Northern Kurdish: mirin; Kyrgyz: өлүү, каза болуу, жок болуу; Laboya: mate; Ladin: morir, morì; Lao: ຕາຍ; Latgalian: miert, nūmiert; Latin: morior, pereo, exspiro, decedo, intereo; Latvian: mirt, nomirt; Lithuanian: mirti, numirti; Livonian: kūolõ; Lombard: morì; Loxicha Macedonian: умира, умре, починува, почине, пцовисува, пцовиса; Malagasy: maty; Malay: mati, meninggal; Malayalam: മരിക്കുക, ചാകുക; Maltese: miet; Manchu: ᠪᡠᠴᡝᠮᠪᡳ; Maori: mate, hemo, mōnehu, mate hirinaki, mate tara-ā-whare, mate whawhati tata, mate kōngenge, hurumutu; Maranao: matay; Miyako: まーㇲ゙さまーㇲ゙, 死ん; Mizo: thi; Mon: ချိုတ်; Mongolian Cyrillic: өнгөрөх, үхэх, нас барах, мрѣти; Muong: chết; Nahuatl Classical Nahuatl: miqui; Mecayapan: miqui; Northern Puebla: miqui; Nanai: бурбури; Navajo: daatsaah, yę́ę ádin; Neapolitan: murì; Nepali: मर्नु; Nivkh: мудь; Norman: mouothi, trépâsser; North Frisian: sterew, stärwe; Northern Sami: jápmit; Norwegian: dø, døy, dævve; Occitan: morir; Ojibwe: nibo; Okinawan: まーすん, 死ぬん; Old Church Slavonic Cyrillic: оумирати, оумьрѣти; Old East Slavic: мерети; Old English: sweltan; Old Frisian: sterva; Old Prussian: aulaūtwei; Old Turkic: 𐰇𐰠‎, 𐰆𐰲𐰀 𐰉𐰺‎; Ossetian: амӕлын; Ottoman Turkish: اولمك‎; Pacoh: cuchet; Pashto: مړل‎, مړه کېدل‎; Pennsylvania German: schtaerewe, schtarewe; Persian: مردن‎; Pipil: miki, miqui; Polish: umierać, umrzeć, ginąć, zginąć, zdechnąć, zdychać, skonać, wykorkować, zemrzeć, zgasnąć, dogorywać, konać; Portuguese: morrer, falecer; Punjabi: ਮਰਗ; Purepecha: uarhini; Quechua: wañuy; Rapa Nui: mate; Romanian: muri; Romansch: murir, mureir; Russian: умира́ть, умере́ть, помира́ть, помере́ть, погиба́ть, поги́бнуть, сконча́ться, сдыха́ть, сдо́хнуть, дать дуба, приказать долго жить; Rusyn: умерати; Rwanda-Rundi: -pfa; Samoan: mate, oti, maliu; Samogitian: pasėmėrtė; Sanskrit: म्रियते, मरति; Sardinian: morre, morrire, morri, morriri; Scots: dee; Scottish Gaelic: bàsaich, caochail, eug; Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: у̀мирати, у̀мре̄ти, у̀мрије̄ти; Roman: ùmirati, ùmrēti, ùmrijēti; Seri: aaha; Sicilian: muriri, mòriri; Sinhalese: මැරෙනවා; Skolt Sami: jääʹmmed; Slovak: umierať, umrieť, zomrieť, skonať; Slovene: umirati, umreti; Sorbian Lower Sorbian: wumrěś, wuměraś; Sotho: -shwa; Spanish: morir, fallecer, diñar, diñarla, espichar, estirar la pata, fenecer, finar, irse al otro barrio, palmar, palmarla, pasar a mejor vida, perecer, sucumbir; Sundanese: pupus; Swahili: kufa; Swedish: dö, avlida, gå bort; Sylheti: ꠝꠞꠣ; Tagalog: matay; Tajik: мурдан; Tamil: இற; Tatar: үләргә; Telugu: చనిపోవు, మరణించు, పరమపదించు, కాలం చేయు, గతించు; Tetum: mate; Thai: ตาย; Tibetan: འཆི་བ; Tocharian B: naut-, sruk-; Tok Pisin: dai; Tswana: -swa; Tupinambá: manõ, e'õ; Turkish: ölmek; Turkmen: ölmek; Ukrainian: умира́ти, уме́рти, помира́ти, поме́рти, ги́нути, зги́нути; Urdu: مرنا‎; Uyghur: ئۆلمەك‎; Uzbek: oʻlmoq; Venda: -fa; Venetian: morir; Vietnamese: chết, mất, qua đời; Volapük: deadön; Võro: kuulma; Waigali: mře; Walloon: mori, crever, dihoter; Welsh: marw; West Frisian: deagean, ferstjerre, stjerre; Westrobothnian: krup a, döij; White Hmong: tuag; Wutunhua: se; Yaeyama: まーらしぃん, 死ぬん; Yagnobi: мирак; Yakkha: सिमा; Yakut: өл; Yiddish: שטאַרבן‎; Yámana: malaku; Zealandic: sterve; Zhuang: dai; Zulu: -fa; ǃXóõ: ǀʻâa, ʻǀnôo