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cause

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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substantive

P. and V. αἰτία, ἡ, Ar. and P. αἴτιον, τό.

occasion: P. and V. ἀφορμή, ἡ.

first cause, origin: P. and V. ἀρχή, ἡ.

cause at law: P. and V. ἀγών, ὁ, δίκη, ἡ.

source, root: P. and V. πηγή, ἡ, ῥίζα, ἡ.

the cause of: use adj., P. and V. αἴτιος (gen.).

of these things I am the cause: V. τῶνδ' ἐγὼ παραίτιος (Aesch., Fragment).

joint cause of: use adj.: P. and V. συναίτιος (gen.).

from what cause: V. ἐκ τίνος λόγου; see why.

the common cause: P. and V. τὸ κοινόν.

make common cause with, v.: P. κοινολογεῖσθαι (dat.), κοινῷ λόγῳ χρῆσθαι πρός (acc.).

making common cause with your father: V. κοινόφρων πατρί (Eur., Ion, 577).

her cause is in the hands of her parents and friends: V. τῇ δ' ἐν γονεῦσι καὶ φίλοις τὰ πράγματα (Eur., Andromache 676).

if the cause of the Medes should prevail: P. εἰ τὰ τοῦ Μήδου κρατήσειε (Thuc. 3, 62).

ruin one's cause: P. ἀπόλλυμι, ἀπολλύναι τὰ πράγματα (Thuc. 8, 75).

verb transitive

be cause of: P. and V. αἴτιος εἶναι (gen.).

produce: P. and V. γεννᾶν, τίκτειν (Plato), ποιεῖν, V. φυτεύειν, τεύχειν, P. ἀπεργάζεσθαι; see also contrive.

cause to do a thing: P. and V. ποιεῖν (acc. and infin.).

cause a thing to be done: P. ἐπιμέλεσθαι ὅπως τι γενήσεται.

start, set in motion: P. and V. κινεῖν.