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near

Τὸ νικᾶν αὐτὸν αὑτὸν πασῶν νικῶν πρώτη τε καὶ ἀρίστη. Τὸ δὲ ἡττᾶσθαι αὐτὸν ὑφ' ἑαυτοῦ πάντων αἴσχιστόν τε ἅμα καὶ κάκιστον. → Τo conquer yourself is the first and best victory of all, while to be conquered by yourself is of all the most shameful as well as evil
Plato, Laws, 626e

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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adjective

P. ὅμορος, P. and V. πρόσχωρος, Ar. and V. πλησίος, ἀγχιτέρμων, γείτων (rare P. as adj.), πάραυλος, or use adv.; see also neighbouring.

close, even: P. and V. ἰσόρροπος, P. ἀντίπαλος.

short as a near way: P. and V. σύντομος.

mean, stingy: Ar. and P. φειδωλός.

near relationship: P. ἀναγκαία συγγένεια, ἡ; see under near, adv.

nearest (of relationship): V. ἄγχιστος.

one's nearest and dearest: P. and V. τὰ φίλτατα.

nearsighted: see under short.

adverb

P. and V. ἐγγύς, πλησίον, πέλας (rare P.), ὁμοῦ (rare P.), Ar. and V. ἆσσον, V. ἀγχοῦ (Sophocles, Fragment), ἐγγύθεν.

from near at hand: P. and V. ἐγγύθεν.

almost: see nearly.

it is impossible for the city to exact an adequate retribution or anywhere near it: P. οὐκ ἔνι τῇ πόλει δίκην ἀξίαν λαβεῖν οὐδ' ἐγγύς (Dem. 229).

near akin to: V. ἀγχίσπορος (gen.) (Aesch., Fragment).

by relationship each was nearer to each than I: P. γένει ἕκαστος ἑκάστῳ μᾶλλον οἰκεῖος ἦν ἐμοῦ (Dem. 321).

preposition

P. and V. ἐγγύς (gen. or dat.), ὁμοῦ (dat.) (rare P.), πρός (dat.), ἐπί (dat.), V. πέλας (gen.), πλησίον (gen.), ἄγχι (gen.), Ar. and V. ἆσσον (gen.).

stand near, v.:P. and V. παρίστασθαι (dat. or absol.), ἐφίστασθαι (dat., or ἐπί dat., or absol.), προσίστασθαι (dat. or absol.).

be near: P. and V. πλησιάζειν (absol., or with dat.).

bring near: V. χρίμπτειν (τί τινι).

dwelling near the city, adj.: V. ἀγχίπτολις.

near (in relationship): P. and V. ἐγγύς (gen.).

round about: P. and V. περί (acc.), V. ἀμφί (acc.) (rare P.).

verb transitive

approach: P. and V. προσέρχομαι, προσέρχεσθαι (πρός, acc., V. also dat. alone), P. προσχωρεῖν (dat.), V. πελάζειν (or pass.) (dat.) (also Xen. but rare P.), πλησιάζεσθαι (dat.), ἐμπελάζειν (or pass.), (gen. or dat.), ἐγχρίμπτειν (dat.), χρίμπτεσθαι (dat.), Ar. and V. προσέρπειν; see approach.